Archived from the original on September 6, Eric Clapton , known for his performances with the Blues Breakers and Cream , made a comeback in the s with his album Unplugged , in which he played some standard blues numbers on acoustic guitar. Lenoir , but the saxophone was used as a backing instrument for rhythmic support more than as a lead instrument.
Schluppenblusen sehen toll zu 3? Smash Soaked in Luxury Soft Rebels someday. Blusen sind ein unverzichtbarer Klassiker in unseren Kleiderschränken. Seite 1 von Kreativ interpretiert — wir sind verrückt nach den neuen Blusen Ja, es gibt sie. So anziehend sind Blusen jetzt! Entdecke auch bei Zalando: Some women attach various pins and ornaments to their blouses over a fastened top button for style. Some of these attach directly to the button itself, others to the collars.
Some blouses do not have a top button at all, and collars are intentionally styled to be open. They also form part of some nations' traditional folk costume. Various new and different forms of collar emerged in the s.
They diminished in sizes by the s, but were huge in the s. At the beginning of the s, popular styles included the rounded collar, sausage dog collar , then extra wide collar and double cuffs from shirts, that fell on them often from fashions relating to synthetic fabrics like usually polyester. At the beginning of the s bubic bangs came back, then later wide collars.
The fashion of standing collar and federal collar , loops, rounded collars , revere collar and the smallest collar , sometimes with concealed button fly on a "smoking blouse", attached folds and stressed set-in-followed in the s. Again, thin and often shining synthetic fibres were very popular. Towards the end of the 20th Century, they were of an extra-long blouses of pants style and worn over trousers or skirt worn, optionally combined with a rather wide belt around the waist in the Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, Denmark, Poland, the UK, Ireland, South Africa and the USA.
As the eye will be drawn to the naked flesh below the sleeve, designers often use sleeve length to focus the minds eye on the slimmer parts of the arm, particularly short sleeve blouses below the elbow to give the illusion of a slimmer arm. Sleeveless tops were fashionable and a topical item in Western Europe and North America during the mids.
Many fashionable styles of both the s and s were on the go again after the millennium in the blouse fashion: Often the blouses also embroidery or "crystal stocking", have especially on collar and string. The blouses with the so-called three-quarter arm were a striking phenomenon of the s. Blouses can be combined well and easily with a blazer , tank top , bolero or sweater , with or without some colourful silks or bead chain necklaces.
As part of the Eco movement 's folk blouses for women were cut from natural materials such as flax, linen and cotton. Men also wore these "Frisian blouses" on occasion. In one version, a tartan pattern skirt is worn with an over-the-shoulder plaid, a white blouse and petticoat, and a velvet bodice. The alternative is a white dress over a petticoat, together with a tartan pattern sash.
A typical Aboyne dress consists of a dark bodice or elaborate waistcoat , decorative blouse, full tartan skirt and some times a petticoat and apron. Some have a tartan sash usually draped over the shoulder and coming down towards the hem of the skirt in the back rather than an apron. A woman wearing a dirndl, with white blouse, is usual in Bavaria and rural Austria.
They are usually made of light fabric textile , such as silk or cotton thin, until the early s still often from soft covered by art faserstoffen such as polyester and satin. They often have fanciful decorations such as frills, embroidery, or grinding and are a classic among the women's blouses—here the fashionable combination possibilities are especially varied.
The open Spaten—or lapel collar—is another common type of a classic ladies blouse. The blouse jacket or blouson is garment drawn tight at the waist with blousing hanging over the waist band. The long boom following World War II induced another massive migration of the African-American population, the Second Great Migration , which was accompanied by a significant increase of the real income of the urban blacks.
The new migrants constituted a new market for the music industry. The term race record , initially used by the music industry for African-American music, was replaced by the term rhythm and blues. This rapidly evolving market was mirrored by Billboard magazine's Rhythm and Blues chart. Electric blues used electric guitars , double bass gradually replaced by bass guitar , drums , and harmonica or "blues harp" played through a microphone and a PA system or an overdriven guitar amplifier.
Chicago became a center for electric blues from on, when Muddy Waters recorded his first success, "I Can't Be Satisfied". Their style is characterized by the use of electric guitar, sometimes slide guitar, harmonica , and a rhythm section of bass and drums. Brown played in bands led by Elmore James and by J. Lenoir , but the saxophone was used as a backing instrument for rhythmic support more than as a lead instrument.
Other harp players such as Big Walter Horton were also influential. Muddy Waters and Elmore James were known for their innovative use of slide electric guitar. Howlin' Wolf and Muddy Waters were known for their deep, "gravelly" voices. The bassist and prolific songwriter and composer Willie Dixon played a major role on the Chicago blues scene. Smaller blues labels of this era included Vee-Jay Records and J.
During the early s, the dominating Chicago labels were challenged by Sam Phillips ' Sun Records company in Memphis, which recorded B.
King and Howlin' Wolf before he moved to Chicago in In the s, blues had a huge influence on mainstream American popular music. While popular musicians like Bo Diddley  and Chuck Berry ,  both recording for Chess, were influenced by the Chicago blues, their enthusiastic playing styles departed from the melancholy aspects of blues.
Chicago blues also influenced Louisiana 's zydeco music,  with Clifton Chenier  using blues accents. Zydeco musicians used electric solo guitar and cajun arrangements of blues standards. In England, electric blues took root there during a much acclaimed Muddy Waters tour. Waters, unsuspecting of his audience's tendency towards skiffle , an acoustic, softer brand of blues, turned up his amp and started to play his Chicago brand of electric blues.
Although the audience was largely jolted by the performance, the performance influenced local musicians such as Alexis Korner and Cyril Davies to emulate this louder style, inspiring the British invasion of the Rolling Stones and the Yardbirds. Other blues artists, such as John Lee Hooker had influences not directly related to the Chicago style. John Lee Hooker's blues is more "personal", based on Hooker's deep rough voice accompanied by a single electric guitar.
Though not directly influenced by boogie woogie, his "groovy" style is sometimes called "guitar boogie". Strongly influenced by Jimmy Reed , Swamp blues has a slower pace and a simpler use of the harmonica than the Chicago blues style performers such as Little Walter or Muddy Waters. Alan Lomax 's recordings of Mississippi Fred McDowell would eventually bring him wider attention on both the blues and folk circuit, with McDowell's droning style influencing North Mississippi hill country blues musicians.
By the beginning of the s, genres influenced by African American music such as rock and roll and soul were part of mainstream popular music. White performers such as the Beatles had brought African-American music to new audiences, both within the U. However, the blues wave that brought artists such as Muddy Waters to the foreground had stopped. Dick Waterman and the blues festivals he organized in Europe played a major role in propagating blues music abroad.
In the UK, bands emulated U. Blues performers such as John Lee Hooker and Muddy Waters continued to perform to enthusiastic audiences, inspiring new artists steeped in traditional blues, such as New York—born Taj Mahal.
John Lee Hooker blended his blues style with rock elements and playing with younger white musicians, creating a musical style that can be heard on the album Endless Boogie. King 's singing and virtuoso guitar technique earned him the eponymous title "king of the blues". King introduced a sophisticated style of guitar soloing based on fluid string bending and shimmering vibrato that influenced many later electric blues guitarists.
Tennessee -born Bobby "Blue" Bland , like B. The music of the civil rights movement  and Free Speech Movement in the U. As well festivals such as the Newport Folk Festival  brought traditional blues to a new audience, which helped to revive interest in prewar acoustic blues and performers such as Son House , Mississippi John Hurt , Skip James , and Reverend Gary Davis.
Lenoir from the Chicago blues movement in the s recorded several LPs using acoustic guitar, sometimes accompanied by Willie Dixon on the acoustic bass or drums. His songs, originally distributed only in Europe,  commented on political issues such as racism or Vietnam War issues, which was unusual for this period. His album Alabama Blues contained a song with the following lyric:. I never will go back to Alabama, that is not the place for me 2x You know they killed my sister and my brother, and the whole world let them peoples go down there free.
White audiences' interest in the blues during the s increased due to the Chicago-based Paul Butterfield Blues Band featuring guitarist Michael Bloomfield , and the British blues movement.
The Negro Music in White America. In the trio Manal established in Argentina the basics of blues sung in Castilian. Influenced poetically by the tango and generate Beatnik ,  and musically by the blues, rock , jazz and African music of River Plate , the trio composed of Alejandro Medina , Javier Martinez and Claudio Gabis created a music that fused the roots of a genre born in the Mississippi Delta with elements of idiosyncrasy and local geography Porteña.
Sur y aceite, barriles en el barro, galpón abandonado. Charco sucio, el agua va pudriendo, un zapato olvidado. South and oil, barrels in the mud, abandoned shed. Dirty puddle, the water is rotting, a forgotten shoe. One blues rock performer, Jimi Hendrix , was a rarity in his field at the time: Hendrix was a skilled guitarist, and a pioneer in the innovative use of distortion and audio feedback in his music.
Santana , which was originally called the Carlos Santana Blues Band , also experimented with Latin -influenced blues and blues rock music around this time. At the end of the s appeared the bluesy Tulsa Sound merging rock'n'roll, jazz and country influences.
This particular music style was popularized in the s by J. In the early s, The Texas rock-blues style emerged, which used guitars in both solo and rhythm roles. In contrast with the West Side blues, the Texas style is strongly influenced by the British rock-blues movement. These artists all began their musical careers in the s but they did not achieve international success until the next decade. Since the s there has been a resurgence of interest in the blues among a certain part of the African-American population, particularly around Jackson, Mississippi and other deep South regions.
Often termed " soul blues " or " Southern soul ", the music at the heart of this movement was given new life by the unexpected success of two particular recordings on the Jackson-based Malaco label: Jody, Shirley Brown , and dozens of others. During the s blues also continued in both traditional and new forms. In the album Strong Persuader announced Robert Cray as a major blues artist. The first Stevie Ray Vaughan recording Texas Flood was released in , and the Texas-based guitarist exploded onto the international stage.
John Lee Hooker 's popularity was revived with the album The Healer in Eric Clapton , known for his performances with the Blues Breakers and Cream , made a comeback in the s with his album Unplugged , in which he played some standard blues numbers on acoustic guitar.
However, beginning in the s, digital multitrack recording and other technological advances and new marketing strategies including video clip production increased costs, challenging the spontaneity and improvisation that are an important component of blues music.
In the s and s, blues publications such as Living Blues and Blues Revue were launched, major cities began forming blues societies, outdoor blues festivals became more common, and  more nightclubs and venues for blues emerged. In the s, the largely ignored hill country blues gained minor recognition in both blues and alternative rock music circles with northern Mississippi artists R. Burnside and Junior Kimbrough.
The Billboard Blues Album chart provides an overview of current blues hits. Contemporary blues music is nurtured by several blues labels such as: From the late s to the present day, blues rock has gained a cultural following, especially after the rise of the Internet , when artists started creating YouTube channels, forums, and Facebook pages. Blues musical styles, forms bar blues , melodies, and the blues scale have influenced many other genres of music, such as rock and roll, jazz, and popular music.
Gershwin's second "Prelude" for solo piano is an interesting example of a classical blues, maintaining the form with academic strictness. The blues scale is ubiquitous in modern popular music and informs many modal frames , especially the ladder of thirds used in rock music for example, in " A Hard Day's Night ".
Early country bluesmen such as Skip James , Charley Patton , Georgia Tom Dorsey played country and urban blues and had influences from spiritual singing. Dorsey helped to popularize Gospel music. In the s and s, gospel and blues were merged in soul blues music.
Musically, spirituals were a descendant of New England choral traditions, and in particular of Isaac Watts 's hymns , mixed with African rhythms and call-and-response forms.
Spirituals or religious chants in the African-American community are much better documented than the "low-down" blues. Spiritual singing developed because African-American communities could gather for mass or worship gatherings, which were called camp meetings. Comentale has noted how the blues was often used as a medium for art or self-expression, stating: Before World War II , the boundaries between blues and jazz were less clear. Usually jazz had harmonic structures stemming from brass bands , whereas blues had blues forms such as the bar blues.
However, the jump blues of the s mixed both styles. After WWII, blues had a substantial influence on jazz. Bebop classics, such as Charlie Parker 's "Now's the Time", used the blues form with the pentatonic scale and blue notes.
Bebop marked a major shift in the role of jazz, from a popular style of music for dancing, to a "high-art", less-accessible, cerebral "musician's music". The audience for both blues and jazz split, and the border between blues and jazz became more defined. The blues' bar structure and the blues scale was a major influence on rock and roll music. Rock and roll has been called "blues with a backbeat "; Carl Perkins called rockabilly "blues with a country beat".
Rockabillies were also said to be bar blues played with a bluegrass beat. Jerry Lee Lewis 's style of rock and roll was heavily influenced by the blues and its derivative boogie woogie.
His style of music was not exactly rockabilly but it has been often called real rock and roll this is a label he shares with several African American rock and roll performers. Many early rock and roll songs are based on blues: The early African American rock musicians retained the sexual themes and innuendos of blues music: Early country music was infused with the blues.
A lot of the s-era "outlaw" country music by Willie Nelson and Waylon Jennings also borrowed from the blues. When Jerry Lee Lewis returned to country after the decline of s style rock and roll, he sang his country with a blues feel and often included blues standards on his albums. Like jazz , rock and roll , heavy metal music , hip hop music , reggae , rap, country music , and pop music , blues has been accused of being the " devil 's music" and of inciting violence and other poor behavior.
Handy was the first to popularize blues-influenced music among non-black Americans. During the blues revival of the s and '70s, acoustic blues artist Taj Mahal and legendary Texas bluesman Lightnin' Hopkins wrote and performed music that figured prominently in the popularly and critically acclaimed film Sounder Perhaps the most visible example of the blues style of music in the late 20th century came in , when Dan Aykroyd and John Belushi released the film The Blues Brothers.
The band formed also began a successful tour under the Blues Brothers marquee. In , Martin Scorsese made significant efforts to promote the blues to a larger audience. Blues guitarist and vocalist Keb' Mo' performed his blues rendition of " America, the Beautiful " in to close out the final season of the television series The West Wing. Hosted by President Obama and Mrs. Obama , the show featured performances by B.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the music genre. For other uses, see Blues disambiguation. Black church Black theology Nation of Islam. Example of Detroit blues rock shuffle. Example of Chicago blues shuffle.
The Memphis Blues , composed by W. Handy in and recorded by the Victor Military Band, the first known commercial recording of Handy's first commercially successful blues composition. The first commercial recording of vocal blues by an African-American singer: Keep your lamp trimmed and burning. Harris vocal in , an example of the close relationship between gospel and blues music. Piedmont blues , performed in by Blind Willie Walker. Bluegrass , performed in by Charlie Poole , a bluesman of Irish descent.
blouse (blous, blouz) n. 1. A woman's or child's loosely fitting shirt that extends to the waist or slightly below. See Note at greasy. 2. A loosely fitting garment resembling a long shirt, worn especially by European workmen. 3. The service coat or tunic worn by the members of some branches of the US armed forces. intr. & tr.v. bloused, blous·ing. Blues is a music genre and musical form originated by African Americans in the Deep South of the United States around the end of the 19th century. The genre developed from roots in African musical traditions, African-American work songs, and spirituals. Blues incorporated spirituals, work songs, field hollers, shouts, chants, and rhymed simple narrative ballads. Housekeeping: this is not the Don Preston who played keyboards with Frank Zappa's 'a Mothers Of Invention. This Don Preston signed with A&M around , did a great album with his band The South, Hot Air Through A Straw, then made Bluse.4/5(1).